Uraria picta Plant: Discover its Medicinal Uses (Prisniparni | Dabra) – A Comprehensive Guide
- Ayurvedic: Prishniparni; Prisniparni; Kalashi; Simhapushpi; Prithakparni; Dhaavani; Guhaa; Chitraparni;
- Hindi: Dabra; Pithavan; Hansia Dafar;
- Bengali: Chakule; Chhalani; Sankarjata; Salpani;
- Hindi: Pitvan; Shankaraja; Dabra;
- Kannada: Ondele hone; Prushniparni; Murele Honne;
- Marathi: Pitvan; Prushnipamee; Prisniparni; Ranganja; Pithvan;
- Malayalam: Orila; Muvila;
- Oriya: Shankarjata; Isworojota; Prushnipamee;
- Punjabi: Detedarnee;
- Sanskrit: Kalasi; Andhriparni; Chitraparni; Sinhapuchchi;
- Telugu: Kolkuponna;
- Tamil: Oripai; Sittirappaladai; Chittirappalatai;
- Trade name: Dabra;
- Unani name: Dabra;
- Nepal: dabra;
- Gujarati: Pithavan;
- Japan: hosoba-fuji-bô-gusa;
- Nigeria: alupayida;
- Sri Lanka: Puswenna;
Plant Information – Growth, Importance
Uraria picta, commonly known as the “Prishniparni,” is a captivating and versatile perennial plant belonging to the Fabaceae family. Native to various parts of Asia, including India, Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asia, it is known for its distinctive foliage and multiple uses in traditional medicine.
Uraria picta typically grows as a moderately sized shrub, reaching heights ranging from 1 to 2 meters (3 to 6.5 feet). It has a bushy and branching habit, with numerous compound leaves that are a prominent feature.
The leaves of Uraria picta are perhaps its most striking feature. They are pinnately compound, consisting of several small leaflets that give the plant an ornate and almost fern-like appearance. The leaflets are known for their vivid green color with distinctive silver or white markings that resemble intricate paint strokes, hence the common name “Painted-leaf Bush.” Below the ground, Uraria picta develops a robust root system, making it well-suited to various soil types.
Various parts of the plant, including the roots and leaves, have been used in traditional medicine systems, particularly in Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine. It is believed to possess medicinal properties, including anti-inflammatory, diuretic, and antipyretic effects.
It has been used to treat conditions like fever, urinary disorders, and digestive problems.
In some regions, Uraria picta is used as forage for livestock due to its nutritional value.The attractive foliage of Uraria picta, with its unique leaf patterns, makes it a popular choice for ornamental gardening and landscaping.
Uraria picta produces slender, elongated inflorescences that bear small, delicate, purple to pinkish flowers. These flowers are arranged in a raceme or spike-like cluster.
The plant typically flowers during the warm months of summer and early autumn. The colorful flowers provide a beautiful contrast to the distinctive painted foliage.After flowering, Uraria picta produces seed pods that contain seeds. These seeds are an essential part of the plant’s reproductive cycle.
In conclusion, Uraria picta, or the Prishniparni, is a visually striking plant known for its distinctively marked foliage. It plays a role in traditional medicine, forage, and ornamental gardening. Its beautiful foliage and seasonal flowering make it a valuable addition to gardens and landscapes while also contributing to traditional herbal remedies in various parts of Asia.
Medicinal Uses of Uraria picta
While scientific research on its medicinal properties is ongoing, it is important to note that many of its traditional uses are based on centuries-old practices and knowledge. Here are some of the medicinal uses of Uraria picta:
Anti-Inflammatory Properties: The roots and leaves of Uraria picta are believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. In traditional medicine, preparations made from the plant are used to alleviate inflammatory conditions, including joint pain and swelling.
Diuretic: Uraria picta is often used as a diuretic, meaning it can increase urine production. This property is valuable in promoting kidney function and helping the body eliminate excess fluids. It is used to treat conditions like edema (fluid retention) and urinary tract infections.
Antipyretic: The plant has been traditionally used to reduce fever. Infusions or decoctions made from Uraria picta are sometimes administered to lower body temperature during febrile illnesses.
Digestive Aid: Some traditional medicine systems use Uraria picta to address digestive issues, such as indigestion, bloating, and stomach discomfort. It is believed to have a soothing effect on the digestive tract.
Respiratory Health: In certain regions, Uraria picta is used to alleviate respiratory conditions like coughs and bronchitis. It is often included in herbal remedies aimed at improving respiratory health.
Antimicrobial Properties: Preliminary studies suggest that Uraria picta extracts may possess antimicrobial properties against certain pathogens. This potential antimicrobial activity could be valuable in traditional medicine for treating infections.
Wound Healing: Some traditional practices utilize Uraria picta as a topical treatment for wounds and skin irritations. It is believed to have wound-healing properties and may help with the regeneration of skin tissue.
It’s important to emphasize that while there is anecdotal evidence and traditional knowledge supporting these uses, scientific research is still ongoing to confirm and better understand the medicinal properties of Uraria picta. As with any herbal remedy, it’s advisable to consult with a qualified healthcare professional before using Uraria picta for medicinal purposes, especially if you have underlying medical conditions or are taking other medications. Additionally, the correct preparation and dosage should be determined by a knowledgeable practitioner familiar with traditional medicine practices.