Derris scandens Plant: Discover its Medicinal Uses (Jewel Vine | Hog creeper) – A Comprehensive Guide
- Jewel Vine; Hog Creeper; Malay Jewelvine;
- Hindi :Tup-bel; गॊंज; Gonj;
- Kannada : Hallebilu; Handiballi;
- Konkani : साळोरी; Salori;
- Malayalam : Noel-valli; Panivalli; Ponnamvalli; Poonjali;
- Marathi : Mota-sirili; गरुडवेल; Garudvel;
- Malayalam : Ponnamvalli; Poonjali;
- Tamil : கொடிப்புன்கு; Koti-p-punku;
- Telugu : చిరుతాళిబాదు; Chiru-tali-badu; నల్ల తీగ; Nalla Tiga;
Plant Information – Growth, Importance
Derris scandens is a climbing vine that belongs to the Fabaceae family. It is native to various parts of Asia, including Japan, China, and Southeast Asia. This woody vine is known for its vigorous growth and ability to twine around and over other vegetation, often forming dense thickets in its natural habitat.
In its native habitat, Derris scandens serves as an important part of the ecosystem. It provides habitat and food for various wildlife species, including insects and birds. The dense growth of the vine can also help stabilize soil and prevent erosion.
Historically, some indigenous cultures have used Derris scandens for various purposes. In some regions, the plant has been used in traditional medicine for its potential medicinal properties.
The height of Derris scandens can vary depending on its growing conditions, but it typically reaches lengths of 5 to 10 meters (16 to 33 feet) or more. Its ability to climb and twine allows it to reach the upper canopy of trees and other structures.
Derris scandens produces small, inconspicuous flowers that are typically white or pale yellow in color. These flowers are arranged in clusters or racemes. The vine blooms during the warmer months, often in late spring or early summer, depending on the local climate.
It’s important to note that while Derris scandens has ecological significance and may have some cultural uses, it is not typically grown as an ornamental plant due to its aggressive growth habit, which can make it invasive in some regions. Additionally, some species of Derris contain compounds that are toxic to fish and insects and have been used historically as natural pesticides. However, the use of these compounds in agriculture is now regulated in many countries due to their potential environmental impact.
Medicinal Uses of Derris scandens Plant (Jewel Vine)
Derris scandens, also known as Jewel Vine, has historically been used in traditional medicine systems in some regions of Asia for various purposes. It’s important to note that the use of this plant in traditional medicine is based on indigenous knowledge and may not have been extensively studied in terms of modern scientific research. Here are some of the traditional medicinal uses associated with Derris scandens (Jewel vine):
Anti-inflammatory Properties: The roots and stems of Derris scandens contain compounds that have been traditionally used to alleviate inflammation. Infusions or decoctions made from these plant parts may have been applied topically or taken orally to relieve inflammatory conditions.
Pain Relief: Some traditional medicine practices use Derris scandens to alleviate pain, including joint pain and muscle aches. It may be applied externally as a poultice or taken internally as a remedy.
Antipyretic: In certain regions, Derris scandens has been used to reduce fever. Infusions or extracts from the plant may have been administered to individuals with febrile illnesses.
Treatment of Skin Conditions: Traditional medicine systems have employed Derris scandens in the treatment of various skin conditions, such as rashes, itching, and insect bites. Pastes or ointments made from the plant may have been applied topically.
Respiratory Health: Some indigenous cultures have used Derris scandens to address respiratory issues, including coughs and bronchitis. It may have been consumed as an herbal remedy or used in steam inhalations.
Antimicrobial Properties: While not well-documented, there are indications that certain compounds in Derris scandens may have antimicrobial properties. This could potentially make it useful in traditional medicine for treating infections.
It’s important to emphasize that the traditional uses of Derris scandens may vary among different cultures and regions, and the efficacy and safety of these traditional remedies have not been widely studied using modern scientific methods. Therefore, caution should be exercised when considering the use of Derris scandens for medicinal purposes, and it’s advisable to consult with a qualified healthcare professional or herbalist with knowledge of traditional remedies before use.
Furthermore, it’s essential to be aware of potential toxic compounds that may be present in some species of Derris, particularly in the roots. Proper preparation and dosage are crucial to avoid any adverse effects. Always follow local regulations and guidelines when using plants for medicinal purposes.